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CHORDS AND SCALES



SELECT
A NOTE

 

NOTE
BASE

 

In this page is possible
- identify the notes that make all the chords,
- carry a piece of music from one tone to another,
- identify key steps in all shades;

TRIAD OF
CHORDS

MAJOR CHORD

   

MINOR CHORD

   

DIMINISHED CHORD

   

   


A triad is a set of 3 notes that make up a simple chord.
To compose more complex chords add to the basic triad of the note corresponding to the degree required (see height in degrees of notes)\.
Es.: D min. 6 = D / F / A / B

In the following cases is used to add or omit one or more; note

4

4+

5+

omit.

3

5

5

9-

9

9+

11

11+

13-

13

add.

7

7

7

7 e 9

7 e 9

7, 9 e 11

7, 9 e 11

Es.: D 5+ = D F# A# as the '5 + 'omits the '5' which would be beyond the basic triad. C 9+ = C E G A# Eb

HEIGHT IN DEGREES

NOTES

15

16-

16

16+

17

18

18+

19

20-

20

21

21+

22

8

9-

9

9+

10

11

11+

12

13-

13

14

14+

15

1

2-

2

3-

3

4

4+

5

5+

6

7

7+

8

NOTES

SCALE
MAJOR

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<>

<>

<>

<>

<>

<>

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The scale in every hue
read the notes at
arrows:
> ascendingly,
< in descending order and
<> in both directions.

SCALE

 

MAJOR

MELODIC MINOR

HARMONIC MINOR

 

MINOR PENTATONIC

MAJOR PENTATONIC

THE BLUES (Maj or min.)